Blog der Doktorandinnen und
Doktoranden am Dubnow-Institut

Beiträge aus:April 2023

Martin Plessner’s textbook »The Theory of Arabic Grammar. A Guidebook for Hebrew-Language Schools« was published in 1935 by the Hebrew Reali School in Haifa (cutout). © Yonatan Mendel.

In 1933, Dr. Martin Plessner (1900–1973), a promising German-Jewish scholar of Oriental studies, was appointed as teacher of Arabic at the Hebrew Reali School in Haifa. This was shortly after his immigration from Germany in the context of the rise of the Nazi regime. In contrast to Salim Al-Daoudi and Eliyahuo Habouba, the two previous teachers of Arabic at the Reali School, Plessner’s mother tongue was German, not Arabic.

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Herbert Sonnenfeld, »Die Bibliothek des Jüdischen Central-Vereins, Emser Straße 42, Berlin 22. Oktober 1936« (detail). Source: Jüdisches Museum Berlin, Inv.-Nr. FOT 88/500/118/026, Ankauf aus Mitteln der Stiftung Deutsche Klassenlotterie Berlin.

One of the main aims pursued by the founders of the Leo Baeck Institute (LBI) established in Jerusalem in May 1955 was to preserve the cultural and intellectual legacy of German Jewry after its destruction by the Nazi regime in Germany. Over the first few decades of its activity, the LBI received a great variety of materials – mainly books and archival documents – from private individuals and cultural institutions in Israel. These donations laid the foundation for the institute’s research library.

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Adolf Hochberg (in the middle) with his three younger brothers and his cousin Bernhard Szleper, mid-1930s. Source: Courtesy of Lern- und Gedenkort Jawne, Cologne, and the Szleper Family.

In May 1944, the underground Jewish National Committee in Warsaw sent several documents to London relating the story of the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto, which had ended a year earlier. Among the documents was a list of the members of the Jewish Fighting Organization (JFO) who had lost their lives during or after the insurgence. The list was compiled from memory by the organization’s surviving leaders who where then hiding in Warsaw.

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